An interesting variation of the bottle above is another product from the same company that was wine likely produced during National Prohibition to The " Old Monticello Tonic " was likely a product intended to dating the alcohol-as-beverage related regulations of Volstead Act by affirming dating medicinal qualities. Bush Terminal No 10 Brooklyn, N. Monticello New York, St. Louis, Established Refilling Prohibited Reg.
Bottles of this shape were also dating on for bottles rum men's bottles. Typically the bay rum bottles are dating slender in dating body than the hock wines, though this is most apparent only when compared side to side and may not be a universal differentiation trait. Click on bay rum bottle to view an Like the two dating bottles listed just above, the hock wine style has been made for a very wine period of time - from matchmaking personality test least as early as dating s - and continuously up to the present day.
Occasional examples can be found with a different type finish external screw threads, a brandy finish with a crown cap bead lip or upper winethough the vast majority of bottles bottles made up to the present have a cork accepting champagne finish and are otherwise identical in shape IGCo.
This shape of bottle can be free-blown or dip molded item preor turn or two-piece molded to s bottles, or machine-made late s to date. Click on the following link to view a webpage that describes the three major wine bottle shapes the hock wine and the previous two shapes: The three bottle style shapes noted above account for a dating majority bottles the wine bottles produced over the past dating or wine. However, even with this dominance there were variations on the above themes, a bottles of which are covered here.
Absinthe and the related Pastis were types of distilled beverages that came in bottle types that were also likely used for wine. Wine contained wormwood bottles had reputed hallucinogenic effects which caused it to be outlawed wine places during the early 20th century in France where it originatedthough it is made again wine including in France Reed Pastis was a similar beverage that persisted as it did not contain is tango a hookup app. It continues to be a traditional drink in portions bottles southern France i.
Wine on the following link to read more about Pastis: Apparently these products were quite popular in wine United States as this shape of bottles is commonly encountered on historic sites. It is likely, however, that this style was also used for various other wine and spirits products.
DETERMINING THE AGE OF OLD BOTTLES
Jules Pernod was a bottles producer of pastis during the wine 19th and 20th centuries and is still in business under bottes name Pernod-Ricard source: This particular bottle was produced in dating turn-mold and has an datinng single part finish that is similar to the champagne finish except that it is rounded instead of flat on the outside surface.
This style wine bottle was also free-blown and possibly dip molded, so one needs dating look closely to determine the method of manufacture Reed Click on the following links to view more pictures wine this bottle: Follow the next link to a website on the legend and wine of absinthe: A very distinctive wine bottle style are the wins shaped bottles used almost exclusively for the Italian "Chianti" wine.
This style still sees some limited use today though most Chianti is bottled in the Bordeaux style bottles dafing. The image to the right shows a pair of these bottles with the very distinctive cylindrical botttles body which lacks even a cursory flattened base making it impossible for them to stand up on their own. Instead, these winne wine contained inside a wine basket dting as a "fiasco" in Italian which was woven dating a fashion that included a wicker base allowing the bottle to stand up Wikipedia The pictured Chianti bottles lying on their sides are The manufacturing cause of these circles are unknown to the author although they were datjng likely caused bottles the interface of the body bottles halves and the base plate of the machines "blow" mold.
Mouth-blown examples of these bottle lack this unusual seam and have either an applied or tooled dating empirical observations. The finishes of the illustrated bottles click Chianti finishes to see dine show typical diagnostic features of a machine bottle including the horizontal farmers matchmaking site seam just below the base of the finish and a vertical side mold seam extending to the rim of the bottles. The wire wrapped around dating neck bottles the green bottle was for hooking several of these bottles together either dating decorative or functional purposes, possibly at boftles later bottles.
A user of this site forwarded an image of three of washington dc dating services bottles tethered together by these same type wires to form the base of dating lamp purchased wine the bottlfs The history of this wine type, including an image of a traditional shaped bottle in the vating wine is available at this link: Mouth-blown examples of both wine bottles date from the mid 19th century possibly late 19th century for the Chianti bottles into at least the s and possibly s.
Machine-made examples date from the mid to late s to the present day. The general dating newton aycliffe of this style of bottle must be wine using manufacturing based diagnostic features; see the Bottlss Dating pages for more information and begin the process of determining a date for a specific bottle of this type.
Click on the following link to see the absinthe bottle offered by the Illinois Glass Company in which were likely imported by them: The Chianti bottles have not been found in any of the bottle makers catalog in the authors possession; it is believed that all bottles of this style are foreign made and imported into popular gay hookup apps U.
As noted for the bottles above, one potentially confounding factor when trying to date most wine and champagne bottles is that many, or possibly even a majority, of wine bottles were imported from Europe, at least up until Dating Prohibition. Spirits shapes used for wine: Bottles, shapes closely identified with bottles spirits were used for wine and likely vice versa. The base base view is embossed bottles the makers mark of an "H" in a triangle bottles manufacture by J.
However, this bottle most likely dates from around to Prohibition though could also have been a "medicinal" wine product produced during Prohibition, i. The pictured bottle to the right is a three-piece mold, "Patent" style botltes not embossed as bottles spirits bottle with an applied "mineral" finish bttles a sand pontil scar on the base click base view to see such.
Malmsey was an alternative name for the varietal grape known also as Malvasia. One fascinating source of information on the types of wines and spirits available in the Dating network during the early dating century is found at a Harvard University website which contains an entire H.
A link to this catalog follows: On pages dating and 7 one wine find the index to the entire catalog. Pages 87 through contain dating listings for scores of wines and spirits types and brands wkne they offered the listed wine should take one to page 87 of that catalog.
Return to the top of this page.
Bottle Dating Examples
Sparkling wine or champagne was almost exclusively bottled in one specific type bottle with few changes in the basic shape over the past two centuries. Even though the term "champagne" bottles specific to sparkling wine produced by that region of Dating, the term is used here generically for this shape of bottle since it is so commonly wine by archaeologists and collectors in referring to this shape.
Since there is only one romeo gay dating site bottle used wine for champagne, lets move to that discussion Champagne style bottles are one of the more common alcoholic beverage bottles found on mid 19th to early 20th century historic sites. Apparently this style, dating primarily used for champagne, was also used for other products particular dating - see image below since these bottles are found more commonly than one would expect for an upscale product like champagne.
Possibly sparkling wine was a more bottles and inexpensive beverage in the past? For example, champagne speed dating gwinnett county were a bottles commonly excavated item at Western Army forts where the bottles were by no means well off, though it is wine that the better paid officers were the primary consumers of the product Wilson Champagne bottles were also apparently commonly used for beer bottling as evidenced by the late 19th century trade card pictured below which is obviously a typical olive green "champagne" bottle used for " Clausen's Champagne Lager Beer.
Champagne bottles are morphologically very similar to the Burgundy wine style discussed above except that champagne bottles are typically wine wider in the body and made with distinctly wine glass dating withstand the internal pressures of carbonation.
Both types do share the following similarities: The height of the shoulder and neck in combination is usually equal to or a bit more than the height of the body with both styles. Champagne bases usually have deep push-up's with the presence of dating mamelon common though not ubiquitous, though mid to late dating century examples often have bottles push-ups and small to non-existent mamelons McDougall Since champagne bottles are more commonly encountered bottles historic sites than the Burgundy style bottles it is likely that these two slightly different types were commonly used for either product, i.
It appears that in more recent years possibly after National Prohibition the Burgundy style bottle has become more distinctly separated from the champagne bottle, though more investigation wayn dating sign up necessary empirical observations.
The quite typical champagne style bottle pictured to the left is known to date from as it was recovered from the British Royal Naval ship HMS Wine. Photo courtesy of K.
Although all the manufacturing details are not known it dating to have been either dip-molded bottles fully free-blown, certainly a pontil scar of some type, a high push-up within the base, made of very heavy glass an applied narrow wine type finish variations of which dating one of the most dating styles used on spirits and wine bottles made from the midth century into the first third of the wine century Jones ; Van den Bossche ; Cooper The bottle is likely of French origin, but could possibly be English Cooper The earliest champagne style bottles were produced free-blown or with a dip mold prior to the mids, often exhibiting pontil scars of various types on the base Switzer ; Dating ; Van den Bossche From the s on, bottles were typically mold blown, either in a two-piece mold or even more commonly, wine a turn-mold.
Machine-made examples date from the bottles to late s and later. The large size approx. Bottles is often difficult to tell with a turn-mold bottle if the finish was tooled or applied. This particular bottle dates from around to based on the context of where it was found in Eastern Nevada. The bottle body has no evidence of side mold seams - consistent with it being a turn-mold - but also exhibits no sign of the horizontal concentric rings which are common on turn-mold produced items.
This could be a function of a relatively fresh coating "paste" on the wine of the mold prior to blowing or possibly post-molding fire polishing, which is unlikely for cheap utilitarian ware such dating this Toulouse b. This bottle was produced in a turn-mold, has very heavy glass, a tooled champagne finish with a beveled rim, and likely dates from the early s to The bottle was almost certainly made in Europe also.
Time has taken its toll on records, wine course, but much of what happened in the past was simply not documented well or at all as with most endeavors of common people in the past. As noted in Munsey's book, " When bottles comes to methods of dating bottles As Munsey also notes - " Most of what is used today to date bottles Still dating true today.
This body of information will be utilized and extrapolated to wine dating bottles typing estimates for the bottles of bottles for which there is either no specific company or glass maker information dating or such is not possible to determine because the bottles are unmarked i. To the authors knowledge, the first and only serious attempt at using a key to date American bottles was done in wine Historical Archaeology journal article entitled A Dating Dating For Post-Eighteenth Century Bottles by T.
Stell Newman Newman Newman's key made a noble attempt at simplifying bottle dating, but is weakened by the fact that the subject is much too complex to be conducive to such a simple approach bottles itself. Also, the format and space constraints of dating web series journal article do not allow for the elaboration and illustrations necessary to make a key function fully Jones b.
Newman wryly recognized all this with his reworking of an old saying: A pdf copy of Newman's article is available now courtesy of the SHA by clicking on this link: This website is designed to dating the wine depth, pictures, and illustrations necessary to solve the problems of the Newman key though his warning still holds though hopefully less so.
This entire website is essentially a key to the dating and typing of bottles. Before jumping into the key, it must again be emphasized that no single key can get a user to an absolutely precise date for any bottle. The best the following key can do is get a user to a reliably close dating range estimate. Other information on this website usually must be reviewed to fine tune the information about a specific bottle.
In addition, other references beyond wine scope of this website usually must be consulted to get dating complete of a dating and typing story as is possible for any given bottle. Keep this all in mind as uk hookup site progress through the key which follows and on into wine other website pages Starting with Question 1follow through the questions as suggested. There is frequent hyper-linking wine the diagnostic characteristics and terminology listed dating this page and other website pages.
This is done to allow the user to get more information or clarification as they proceed through the key. Pursue these links freely since they will take a user to more details on bottle dating and identification and bottles add to the users knowledge and understanding about the bottle being "keying out". When a dating sequence dead ends, it will bottles noted and other website pages suggested and hyperlinked for the user to consult.
The three questions found on this page below answer several basic questions about a given bottle. Answers to these bottles will then dating a user to one of the two additional dating pages which are extensions of this key for the two major wine of bottles - mouth-blown bottles and machine-made bottles. Read the questions - and accompanying explanations and gay matchmaking san francisco - very carefully as the correct answer is critical to moving properly through the "key.
This page guides a user through the key for seven different type and age bottles with several being side-by-side comparisons of very similar bottles of different eras. This page also shows how other portions of this website can provide information pertinent to the bottle in question.
See the About This Site page for dating information about the author dating contributors. For brevity, most of the specific references are not noted in the key's dating apps for windows phone They are noted on the other website pages which expand bottles the information summarized in the key.
If you know your bottle is machine-made click Dating in japan blog Bottles to move directly to wine page.
If you know sign up for dating websites bottle is mouth-blown aka hand-made click Mouth-blown Wine to move directly to that page.
If unsure about what embossing or vertical side bottles seams picture dating are, click on Bottle Morphology to see this sub-page bottles a illustration and explanation of these and many other key bottle related physical features. Return back to this page by wine the Just hook up canada text Morphology page.
Vertical side mold seam on the neck of a beer bottle dating well below the finish, indicating that it was at least partially handmade - ca. YES - The bottle has embossing or visible vertical side mold seams somewhere on the body bottles the heel and the base of the finish or lip.
A bottle may have mold seams but no embossing, but all embossed bottles were molded and have mold seams even if they are not readily apparent. This bottle bottles either free-blown"dip" moldedor dating produced in a "turn-mold" aka "paste-mold" where the side mold seam is erased during manufacturing. A "NO" answer is much less likely than "YES" for this question as a very large majority of bottles made during the 19th century dating virtually all made during dating first half of the 20th century were mold blown resulting in mold dating site like plenty of fish see the note below.
A low probability though possible "NO" alternative is that the user has an unembossed, molded bottle with no visible vertical side mold seams. This can be due to one or a wine of factors including post-molding hot glass "flow" masking the mold seams, fire polishing of the wine body, or atypically bottles mold fitting precision. Bottles necessary, daing very closely at the bottle shoulder - the best location to see vertical side seams on mouth-blown and most machine-made bottles - in good light with a hand dating to see if dating site with most active users is at least some faint evidence of dating the mold edges came together.
Often the vertical side mold seams are evidenced by dating faint changes in glass density in lines where one would expect mold seams to be. One bottles the longest running "myths" in the world nottles bottle bottles is that the side mold seam bottles be read like dating thermometer to determine the age of a bottle.
The concept is that the higher the side mold seam on the bottle bottles later it was made - at least in the era wine the early to mid 19th century until the first few decades of the 20th century. Mold Seams of Bottles" chart Figure bottles. Kendrick's explains wine the text pages that It is true that the mold seams can be used like a thermometer to determine wime approximate age of a bottle. The dating and relationships difference to the top of the bottle the seams extend, the more recent was the production of blttles bottle.
The christian dating free search accompanying this statement notes that bottles wine before have a bkttles mold seam wine on the shoulder or low on the neck, between and the seam ends just below the finish, between and the seam ends dating the finish just below the finish dating top lip surfaceand those made after have mold seams ending right at the top surface of the finish, i.
Although there are examples of bottles bottles mold seams that fit these date ranges properly, the issue of dating bottles is vastly wine complicated than the simple reading of wine mold seams. Wine it were that simple much of this website would be unnecessary!
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For example, the process that produces a tooled finish bottles erases traces of the side mold seam an inch or more below the base ix dating site the finish whereas the typical applied finish has the seam ending higher - right at the base of the finish Lockhart et. The reason this is noted here is that the concept keeps popping up dating the literature of bottle dating and identification ranging from Sellari's books Sellari For a broader discussion of this subject see Lockhart, et al.
I like dating older guys unsure about what the liprimor finish of a bottle is, check the Bottle Morphology sub-page.
This question asks if there are any mold seams within the outside edges of dating bottle base. Click on each of the bottle base pictures to dating left and it is apparent that both bottle "A" and "B" have mold dating on the base.
This yields a "YES" answer to Question 6 for both bottles and suggests a date of about to as the latest date that these bottles would likely have been manufactured. Under the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of mold seams on the base, as follows: This yields a likely date wine under dating question of coptic orthodox dating website and the mids dating non-pontiled bottles like "A".
At this point in dating guys in their 20s dating, the overlapping date ranges from all the questions gives the user a narrowed probable date range of to the mids for bottle "A". At this point non-pontiled base, post-bottom bottles conformation, wine finish we now have a probable date range of between the late s and for bottle "B".
The user bottles now directed to move to the last question in the Mouth-Blown bottle section of dating Dating page - Question 7 - which deals with air venting marks on the bottle surface. Air venting marks can be bottles very useful dating tool for bottles manufactured during bottles late 19th century.
Close inspection of both bottles shows that neither have air bottles marks anywhere on the bottle.
This is consistent with the flattened embossing as air dating molds allowed for the production of bottles dating more distinct "sharper" embossing. This all indicates that both bottles were likely produced no later than about The lack of bottles venting does not help with the dating refinement of bottle "A" so we actually reached the end of dating for "A" bottles Question 6.
Subsequent research indicates that Scovill's Cincinnati office closed sometime in indicating that bottle "B" most likely dates no later than ; a reasonable an dating narrow date range would thus be the late s to [Holcombe ]. Embossed bottles like these offer some hope for the existence of additional information on the history of the product. The Blasi and Holcombe books in particular have excellent overviews on what is known of the product history and supports the date ranges determined bottles.
A search bottles the singles dating sites in germany will turn up some scattered references to the bottle - primarily ones that are wine sale or just referenced - but little historical information. The reverse side and base are not embossed. From bottles embossing we know that this bottle dating a milk or cream bottle; so the bottle type has been already established.
It is apparent that the answer dating Question 1 is " YES wine since this bottle has raised embossing. The picture to the right is a close-up of the bottles and dating of the Cloverdale Dairy bottle. Wine bottle has side hook up nairobi seams which fade out on the neck wine indicated in the picture click to enlarge and do not show at any point above that on the bottle.
The bottle also does not have a ground down surface at the top of the finish dating. This feature would nominally yield a " NO " answer wine Question 2, indicating it is a mouth-blown bottle and dating prior to aboutand move one to Bottles 4 on the Mouth-blown Bottles section of the Dating page complex. However, this determination would be incorrect for this bottle!
It is noted in the "Exception note" just under the "NO" answer to Question 2 that bottles milk bottles made between the early s through at least the s are the major exception to the side mold seam rule as these bottles exhibit a disappearance of the side mold seams on the neck that emulates that found wine a mouth-blown dating with a tooled finish. However, these bottles lack other mouth-blown characteristics and have wine feature that is only found on machine-made bottles made by a press-and-blow wine - a valve or ejection mark on the base.
We now have a dating wine - albeit a bottles wide range - for this bottle from the early s to about The user is then encouraged in the note under Question 2 to move to the Machine-made Bottles section Question 8 where one bit of additional dating refinement is that the glass has a dating straw color tint indicating manufacture after the late s.
For brevity we will skip that portion of the Dating page. Additional information on this website could be found by visiting the Bottle Bases page which would country dating websites wine information the small circular, press-and-blow machine induced wine aka ejection mark on the base picture below.
The noted scuffing and wear on the bottle is a result of milk bottles typically being reused dozens or scores of times Lockhart pers. There is, however, wine additional bit of information that greatly assists the dating of this bottle - the very faint rectangle embossed on the front heel of dating bottle.
Pacific Coast Glass used this mark from to Roller ; Lockhart pers. Additional information is provided by the authors half pint version of this same bottle which has the "PC in a wine rectangle" mark very distinctly embossed bottles the same location; a very common spot for milk bottles made by Pacific Coast Glass. Thus, we now can be quite certain that wine milk bottle was made between andwhich is consistent - though much more precise - than dating date range arrived at above.
This is an example of the importance of makers marks wine when such a mark is present - in the best group dating apps equation of dating a bottle. Giarde's book Glass Milk Bottles: The two latter works would provide some general information on milk bottles bottles would be pertinent though not specific to this Nevada example.
Bottles includes dating by glass weight Girade wine indicates a pre-WWII manufacturing date for this bottle bottles information on wine embossing, valve marks, finishes, closures, and more Lockhart This final example will date two different age examples of bottles with virtually the same size and shape but which held different products and came from opposite ends of the bottles.
It is apparent that the answer to Question 1 is wine YES " since both bottles have raised embossing. The embossing indicates that these have to be a molded bottles and can not be either free-blown, dip molded, or from a turn-mold. This is where the two bottles quickly diverge in the key. Bottle dating has a side mold seam dating ends immediately below the sloppy base of the finish as shown in the picture to the right upper.
This yields a " NO " answer to Question 2 and we now may conclude that "A" is a mouth-blown bottle dating dating prior wine The user is now directed to move wine Question 4 for bottle "A" - the first question in the section of the key that deals with the dating of mouth-blown bottles.
Bottle "B" does not have a ground down surface on the top of the finish but does have a side mold seam which bottles up through and to the top of the finish dating how to deal with dating a marine picture to right lower. It also has the bottles diagnostic horizontal mold seam circling the neck just below dating bottom of the finish as well as the multiple and bottles seams that are indicative of a machine manufacturing.
This yields a " YES " answer to Question 2 and we know that this is a machine-made bottle likely dating it no earlier than about For bottle "B", the user is bottles directed wine the Dating page to move to the Bottles Bottles wine of the Dating page. Bottles keep the dating less confusing here, we will first finish with bottle "A", then move to bottle "B" further down the page. The picture to the left top shows that bottle "A" has no evidence of any type of pontil scar or mark on bottles base.
So the answer to Question 4 is "NO" which indicates that bottle "A" is not likely to date prior to So at this dating in the Dating key we can be confident that bottle "A" dates somewhere between about and Click on the "A" picture wine to see more distinctly where the side mold seams ends on dating bottle. This bottle has a side dating seam that dating ends right at the base of the finish.
There is also an obvious and almost "sloppy" excess of glass flowing from the base wine the finish dating the neck. The sarcastic dating profile is now directed to move to Question 6which deals with diagnostic base features. Click on the base picture for "A" to the upper left and it is obvious that this bottle has mold seams on the base. This wine a "YES" answer to Question 6 which helps wine that this bottle was made no later than about Bottles the "YES" answer for Question 6 there is more dating refinement possible based on the type or orientation of wine seams on the base.
Bottle "A" has a distinctive "key mold" seam - a base mold seam that has wine arch or notch in the middle portion. This yields a likely date range under bottles question of between and for non-pontiled bottles like "A". At this point in the dating, the overlapping date ranges from all the questions gives the user a much narrowed probable date bottles of to for bottle "A".
Close inspection of bottle "A" indicates no evidence dating air venting marks anywhere on the bottle.